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ААЛТО Алвар ♂ 1898-1976 Российская Империя, Финляндия, окончил Технический университет Хельсинки (1921, архитектор), один из основоположников скандинавского дизайна, интернационального стиля, североевропейского модернизма, классик органической архитектуры (сопряжение с ландшафтом, использование дерева), разработчик нового быта и нового образа жизни, дизайнер мебели и стеклянной посуды, градопланировщик, автор ряда международных проектов (виллы и официальные здания, больницы и санатории, культурные центры и церкви, выставочные павильоны и т.д), в 1940-1948 сотрудничал с Массачузетским технологическим институтом в Бостоне (США), президент Союза финских архитекторов (1943-1958), президент Финской академии (1963-1968), лауреат ряда международных архитектурных наград AALTO Alvar ♂ 1898-1976 Russian Empire, Finland, graduated from the Technical University of Helsinki (1921, architect), one of the founders of Scandinavian design, international style, Northern European modernism, classic of organic architecture (interface with landscape, use of wood), developer of a new way of life and a new lifestyle, furniture and glassware designer, urban planner, author of a number of international projects (villas and official buildings, hospitals and sanatoriums, cultural centers and churches, exhibition pavilions, etc.), in 1940-1948 collaborated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston ( USA), President of the Union of Finnish Architects (1943-1958), President of the Finnish Academy (1963-1968), laureate of several international architectural awards

AALTO Hugo Alvar Henrik AALTO Hugo Alvar Henrik
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AALTO Hugo Alvar Henrik; родился 1898-02-03 Куортане, Финляндия, умер 1976-05-11 в Хельсинки.  В 1923 окончил Хельсинкский технологический университет, работал фриланс-архитектором. 1946-1948 визит-профессор Массачузетский технологический институт. 1963-1968 президент Финской академии. Его международные проекты включают жилые и офисные здания, городские центры, госпитали, театры, музеи, церкви (Hugo Alvar Henrik; Feb 3, 1898, Kuortane, Finland - May 11, 1976, Helsinki), architect. After studying at the Helsinki University of Technology, from 1923 he practiced as a free-lance architect. From 1946 to 1948 he was a visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, and from 1963 to 1968 he served as president of the Finnish Academy. His international projects include residential and office buildings, city centers, hospitals, theaters, museums, ch…
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 He was one of the foremost architects of the 20th century. Imaginatively combining modern design principles with traditional materials, especially wood, he often used flowing, wavy forms and adapted Finnish building tradition to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his wife Aino Marsio, a famous furniture designer (died 1949). His second spouse Elissa Makkinheimo also collaborated with him (the Maison Carre in Paris). Aalto's designs for the Municipal Library at Viipuri (Vyborg in Russia) (1927-1935) and the tuberculosis sanatorium at Paimio near Turku (1929-1933) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame by his remarkable designs for laminated-wood furniture (birch-wood tables and chairs) and by his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the World's Fairs in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). In 1940 he appointed professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and designed there the serpentine Baker House (1947-1948). After World War II he designed a number of striking civic buildings in Finland, especially in Helsinki, and in other countries, including the Wolfsburg cultural center and Opera House in Essen, Germany. Aalto's projects as a town planner include a tomn centre in Seinajoki, Finland, wich was completed in 1966. The centre features a series of small wedge-shaped buildings, largely made of wood. The Aalto Theatre, wich was constructed after Aalto's death, opened in 1988. His complete works edited by Karl Fleig (2 volumes, 1970-1971, translation). Aalto, Alvar [ol'vДr Дl'tO] Pronunciation Key Aalto, Alvar , 1898√1976, Finnish architect and furniture designer. Aalto is considered one of the foremost architects of the 20th cent. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his wife, Aino Marsio, the celebrated furniture designer, until her death in 1949. Aalto's work adapted Finnish building traditions to modern European techniques and to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. His designs for the municipal library at Viipuri (1927√35; destroyed when it was made part of Russian territory in 1940) and the tuberculosis sanitarium at Paimio (1929√33) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame by his remarkable designs for laminated-wood furniture and by his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the expositions in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). Appointed professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1940, he designed there the serpentine Baker House (1947√48). After World War II he was active in reconstruction in Finland. His major postwar works included a number of striking civic buildings in Helsinki, the Maison CarrИ in Paris (designed in collaboration with Elissa Makkinheimo, his second wife), and the Wolfsburg cultural center in Germany. See his complete works, ed. by K. Fleig (tr. of 3d ed., 2 vol., 1970√71); studies by F. A. Gutheim (1960) and P. D. Pearson (1978). Studies - by Gutheim (1960), Pearson Paul David (1978) e.a.
Great architect and designer
 He was one of the foremost architects of the 20th century. Imaginatively combining modern design principles with traditional materials, especially wood, he often used flowing, wavy forms and adapted Finnish building tradition to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his wife Aino Marsio, a famous furniture designer (died 1949). His second spouse Elissa Makkinheimo also collaborated with him (the Maison Carre in Paris). Aalto's designs for the Municipal Library at Viipuri (Vyborg in Russia) (1927-1935) and the tuberculosis sanatorium at Paimio near Turku (1929-1933) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame by his remarkable designs for laminated-wood furniture (birch-wood tables and chairs) and by his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the World's Fairs in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). In 1940 he appointed professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and designed there the serpentine Baker House (1947-1948). After World War II he designed a number of striking civic buildings in Finland, especially in Helsinki, and in other countries, including the Wolfsburg cultural center and Opera House in Essen, Germany. Aalto's projects as a town planner include a tomn centre in Seinajoki, Finland, wich was completed in 1966. The centre features a series of small wedge-shaped buildings, largely made of wood. The Aalto Theatre, wich was constructed after Aalto's death, opened in 1988. His complete works edited by Karl Fleig (2 volumes, 1970-1971, translation). Aalto, Alvar [ol'vДr Дl'tO] Pronunciation Key Aalto, Alvar , 1898√1976, Finnish architect and furniture designer. Aalto is considered one of the foremost architects of the 20th cent. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his wife, Aino Marsio, the celebrated furniture designer, until her death in 1949. Aalto's work adapted Finnish building traditions to modern European techniques and to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. His designs for the municipal library at Viipuri (1927√35; destroyed when it was made part of Russian territory in 1940) and the tuberculosis sanitarium at Paimio (1929√33) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame by his remarkable designs for laminated-wood furniture and by his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the expositions in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). Appointed professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1940, he designed there the serpentine Baker House (1947√48). After World War II he was active in reconstruction in Finland. His major postwar works included a number of striking civic buildings in Helsinki, the Maison CarrИ in Paris (designed in collaboration with Elissa Makkinheimo, his second wife), and the Wolfsburg cultural center in Germany. See his complete works, ed. by K. Fleig (tr. of 3d ed., 2 vol., 1970√71); studies by F. A. Gutheim (1960) and P. D. Pearson (1978). Studies - by Gutheim (1960), Pearson Paul David (1978) e.a.
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Экзы - война, суд, катастрофы...)Exs - wars, trials, accidents...)Труды егоWorks own
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