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АБЕРКРОМБИ Джон ♂ 1841-1924 Великобритания, 5-й и последний барон Аберкромби, профессор археологии ABERCROMBY John ♂ 1841-1924 Great Britain (United Kingdom, UK), 5th and last Baron Abercromby, Professor of Archaeology

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Аберкромби (Abercromby), Джон (15 января 1841 г. – 7 октября 1924 г.) – 5-й барон Аберкромби, шотландский археолог, известность ему принесло исследование кубков Британских островов, опубликованное в 1912 г. Заслугой Аберкромби является учреждение кафедры первобытной археологии в Эдинбургском университете. После увольнения из армии в 1870 г. он посвятил себя лингвистике, путешествиям, и фольклору. Не оставил мужского потомства и род баронов Аберкромби пресекся. Abercromby John (January 15, 1841 - October 7, 1924) - The 5th Baron Abercromby, Scottish archaeologist known for his investigation of beakers of the British Isles, published in 1912. The merit of Abercrombie is the establishment of the Department of prehistoric archeology in University of Edinburgh. After his discharge from the army in 1870, he devoted himself to linguistics, travel, and folklore. Do not leave the male offspring and kin barons Abercrombie broke off.
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Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries (Edited by Tim Murray) 

A Scottish antiquary, the secretary of the society of antiquaries of scotland, and its president from 1913 to 1918, Abercromby is most famous for his typological analyses published in Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland (1912).
In 1904 Abercromby used the term beaker to describe the decorated, handleless pottery drinking vessels used all over Europe between 4000 and 2000 b.c. He argued that the appearance of beakers in northern and western Europe could only be understood in relation to changes in similar assemblages from southeast and central Europe. While Abercromby’s beaker typology remained unchanged until quite recently, his explanation of their uniform spread has been disproved. Abercromby argued for a putative “Beaker folk” who migrated all over Europe with their pottery. It is now thought that it was the pottery style that migrated alone—that the beakers were an interregional and even international style of artifact that were traded over long distances and were widely recognized male status objects used in drinking rituals. Abercromby argued that cultural uniformity meant social and ethnic uniformity—an argument that was later used by some archaeologists to support Nazi ideology in Germany. Nonetheless Abercromby’s “new” approach to archaeological evidence (one that still finds support among some archaeologists) was more international than most approaches to the same evidence in England during this time.
Abercromby’s influence was virtually confined to Scotland. His bequest to the University of Edinburgh in 1916 endowed the chair of archaeology that still carries his name. vere gordon childe was the first appointment to the Abercromby Chair in 1927, and stuart piggott succeeded him.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries (Edited by Tim Murray) 

A Scottish antiquary, the secretary of the society of antiquaries of scotland, and its president from 1913 to 1918, Abercromby is most famous for his typological analyses published in Bronze Age Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland (1912).
In 1904 Abercromby used the term beaker to describe the decorated, handleless pottery drinking vessels used all over Europe between 4000 and 2000 b.c. He argued that the appearance of beakers in northern and western Europe could only be understood in relation to changes in similar assemblages from southeast and central Europe. While Abercromby’s beaker typology remained unchanged until quite recently, his explanation of their uniform spread has been disproved. Abercromby argued for a putative “Beaker folk” who migrated all over Europe with their pottery. It is now thought that it was the pottery style that migrated alone—that the beakers were an interregional and even international style of artifact that were traded over long distances and were widely recognized male status objects used in drinking rituals. Abercromby argued that cultural uniformity meant social and ethnic uniformity—an argument that was later used by some archaeologists to support Nazi ideology in Germany. Nonetheless Abercromby’s “new” approach to archaeological evidence (one that still finds support among some archaeologists) was more international than most approaches to the same evidence in England during this time.
Abercromby’s influence was virtually confined to Scotland. His bequest to the University of Edinburgh in 1916 endowed the chair of archaeology that still carries his name. vere gordon childe was the first appointment to the Abercromby Chair in 1927, and stuart piggott succeeded him.
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